50+ Mental Disoders
I thought I would make a master list of some mental disorders that you could have your character diagnosed with. I see a lot of people having their character’s diagnosed with some of the same disorders, so hopefully this will help you out. I don’t think a master list of this has been done before, and if it has, well here’s another one! I put each disorder along with a brief definition.
I personally recommend that if you decide to choose one that you do further research on it before you go ahead and roleplay your character with the disorder to avoid any assumptions or stereotypes. There are hundreds of disorders so I wouldn’t doubt if I missed any other ones you know of. If I come across more, I’ll add to it. There are 50+ under the cut.
- Acute stress disorder; A psychological condition arising in response to a terrifying or traumatic event.
- Agoraphobia; An anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety in situations where the sufferer perceives the environment as being difficult to escape, or get help.
- Alcohol Abuse; A psychiatric diagnoses describing the reoccurring use of alcoholic beverages despite it’s negative consequences.
- Anxiety Disorder; An umbrella term that covers several different forms of a type of psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive rumination, uneasiness apprehension, and fear about future uncertainness either based on real or imagined events, which may effect both psychical and psychological health.
- Aspergers Syndrom; An autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
- Autism; A disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
- Bipolar; Apsychiatric diagnosis for a mood disorder. Individuals with bipolar disorder experience episodes of a frenzied state known as mania (orhypomania), typically alternating with episodes of depression. (There are several types of bipolar: Bipolar I, and Bipolar II.)
- Borderline Personality Disorder; A personality disorder characterized by unusual variability and depth of moods. These moods may secondarily affect cognition and interpersonal relationships. Other symptoms of BPD include impulsive behavior, intense and unstable interpersonal relationships, unstable self-image, feelings of abandonment and an unstable sense of self.
- Bulimia Nervosa; An eating disorder characterized by binge eating and purging, or consuming a large amount of food in a short amount of time followed by an attempt to rid oneself of the food consumed (purging), typically by vomiting, taking a laxative or diuretic, and/or excessive exercise, because of an extensive concern for body weight.
- Catatonia; is a state of neurogenic motor immobility, and behavioral abnormality manifested by stupor.
- Clinic Depression; is a mental disorder characterized by episodes of all-encompassing low mood accompanied by low self-esteem and loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities.
- Cognitive Disorder; A category of mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving, and include amnesia, dementia, and delirium.
- Cyclothymia; Also called cyclothymic disorder, is a type of chronic mood disorder widely considered to be a milder or subthreshold form of bipolar disorder. Cyclothymia is characterized by numerous extreme mood disturbances, with periods of hypomanic symptoms alternating with periods of mild or moderate depression.
- Delusional Parasitosis; Also known as Ekbom’s syndrome, is a form of psychosis whose victims acquire a strong delusionalbelief that they are infested with parasites, whereas in reality no such parasites are present.
- Depersonalization Disorder; (DPD) is a mental disorder in which the sufferer is affected by persistent or recurrent feelings ofdepersonalization and/or derealization.
- Dissociative Identity Disorder; (DID), previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), is a mental disordercharacterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring identities or dissociated personality states that alternately control a person’s behavior, and is accompanied by memory impairment for important information not explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
- Dyslexia; A broad terminology defining an anomalous approach to processing information and learning disability that impairs a person’s fluency or comprehension accuracy in being able to read, and which can manifest itself as a difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, processing speed, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, language skills/verbal comprehension, and/or rapid naming.
- Erotomania; A type of delusion in which the affected person believes that another person, usually a stranger, high-status or famous person, is in love with him or her. The illness often occurs during psychosis, especially in patients with schizophrenia, delusional disorder or bipolar mania.
- Exhibitionism; The act of exposing in a public or semi-public context those parts of one’s body that are not normally exposed – for example, the genitals or buttocks. The practice may arise from a desire or compulsion to expose themselves in such a manner to groups of friends or acquaintances, or to strangers for their amusement or sexual satisfaction or to shock the bystander.
- Factitious Disorder; A condition in which a person acts as if they have an illness by deliberately producing, feigning, orexaggerating symptoms.
- Fregoli Delusion; Or the delusion of doubles, is a rare disorder in which a person holds a delusional belief that different people are in fact a single person who changes appearance or is in disguise.
- Fugue state; Formally dissociative fugue or psychogenic fugue is a rare psychiatric disorder characterized by reversible amnesia for personal identity, including the memories, personality and other identifying characteristics of individuality.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder; (GAD) An anxiety disorder that is characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry about everyday things that is disproportionate to the actual source of worry.
- Hypochondriasis; Or Hypochondria (sometimes referred to as health phobia or health anxiety) refers to excessive preoccupancy or worry about having a serious illness.
- Impulse Control Disorder; Or ICD is a class of psychiatric disorders characterized by impulsivity – failure to resist a temptation, urge or impulse that may harm oneself or others.
- Insomnia; Insomnia, or sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired.
- Intermittent Explosive Disorder; (IED) is a behavioral disorder characterized by extreme expressions of anger, often to the point of uncontrollable rage, that are disproportionate to the situation at hand. It is currently categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as an impulse control disorder.
- Kleptomania; The inability to refrain from the urge to steal items for reasons other than personal use or financial gain.
- Lacunar Amnesia; The loss of memory about one specific event. It is a type of amnesia that leaves a lacuna (a gap) in the record of memory.
- Mental Retardation; (MR) or general learning disability is a generalized disorder appearing before adulthood, characterized by significantly impaired cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors.
- Misophonia; Literally “hatred of sound”, is a form of decreased sound tolerance. It is believed to be a neurological disorder characterized by negative experiences resulting only from specific sounds, whether loud or soft.
- Morbid Jealousy; (Also known as Othello Syndrome or Delusional jealousy) is a psychiatric disorder in which a person holds a strong delusional belief that their spouse or sexual partner is being unfaithful without having any, very little, or insignificant proof to back up their claim.
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder; (NPD) is a personality disorder in which the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity.
- Nightmare Disorder; Also known as ‘dream anxiety disorder’, is a sleep disorder characterized by frequent nightmares. The nightmares, which often portray the individual in a situation that jeopardizes their life or personal safety, usually occur during the second half of the sleeping process, called the REM stage.
- Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder; (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry; by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety; or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions.
- Oppositional Defiant Disorder; (ODD) is a childhood disorder described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as an ongoing pattern of anger-guided disobedience, hostility, and defiant behavior toward authority figures which goes beyond the bounds of normal childhood behavior.
- Panic Disorder; An anxiety disorder characterized by recurring severe panic attacks. It may also include significant behavioral changes lasting at least a month and of ongoing worry about the implications or concern about having other attacks. The latter are called anticipatory attacks (DSM-IVR). Panic disorder is not the same as agoraphobia (fear of public places), although many afflicted with panic disorder also suffer from agoraphobia.
- Paranoid Personality Disorder; (PPD) is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others. Individuals with this personality disorder may be hypersensitive, easily feel slighted, and habitually relate to the world by vigilant scanning of the environment for clues or suggestions that may validate their fears or biases. Paranoid individuals are eager observers. They think they are in danger and look for signs and threats of that danger, potentially not appreciating other evidence.
- Perfectionism; In psychology, is a personality trait characterized by a person’s striving for flawlessness and setting excessively high performance standards, accompanied by overly critical self-evaluations and concerns regarding others’ evaluations.
- Persecutory Delusions; A delusional condition in which the affected person believes they are being persecuted.
- Pica; Characterized by an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive, such as clay, chalk, dirt, or sand.
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder; (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder with characteristic symptoms that can develop after the direct experience of an extremely traumatic stressor such as the threat of a violent death or serious injury.
- Pyromania; An impulse control disorder in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately start fires, in order to relieve tension, for gratification or relief.
- Schizophrenia; A mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by a deficit of typical emotional responses. Common symptoms include auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, ordisorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder; (SAD), also known as winter depression, winter blues, summer depression, summer blues, orseasonal depression, is a mood disorder in which people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year experience depressive symptoms in the winter or summer.
- Night terrors; Or sleep terror or pavor nocturnus is a parasomnia disorder, causing feelings of terror or dread, and typically occurring in the first few hours of sleep during stage 3 or 4 non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Night terrors tend to happen during periods of arousal from delta sleep, also known as slow wave sleep.
- Sleepwalking; Also known as somnambulism or noctambulism, is a sleep disorder belonging to the parasomnia family. Sleepwalkers arise from the slow wave sleep stage in a state of low consciousness and perform activities that are usually performed during a state of full consciousness. These activities can be as benign as sitting up in bed, walking to the bathroom, and cleaning, or as hazardous as cooking, driving, violent gestures, grabbing at hallucinated objects, or even homicide.
- Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD or SAnD) also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder which is one of the most common psychiatric disorders, with a lifetime prevalance of 12%. It is characterized by intense fear in social situations, causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some parts of daily life.
- Specific Phobia; A generic term for any kind of anxiety disorder that amounts to an unreasonable or irrational fear related to exposure to specific objects or situations. As a result, the affected person tends to actively avoid direct contact with the objects or situations and, in severe cases, any mention or depiction of them. The fear can, in fact, be disabling to their daily lives
- Stuttering; Also known as stammering is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases as well as involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the person who stutters is unable to produce sounds.
- Substance-related disorder is a condition (such as intoxication, harmful use/abuse, dependence, withdrawal, and psychoses or amnesia associated with the use of the substance) associated with substance abuse, often involving maladaptive behaviors over a long period of time.
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